Racha – Lechkhumi

December 5, 2020

Racha - Lechkhumi

Racha-Lechkhumi, or as it is commonly called in Georgian Switzerland, consists of two districts of Racha, one of Lechkhumi and Svaneti. This region is a mountainous area bordering Russia to the north and South Ossetia to the east. Racha is a small region of Georgia, inhabited by Svans, Khevsurs and Rachins. Racha-Lechkhumi is a beautiful and picturesque place, which is very much loved by Georgians, especially noting the resort of Shovi. The history of Racha until certain days passed separately, as the region consisted of two parts. And only in 1846, when the Georgian-Imereti province was disbanded, both its parts were in the Kutaisi province. The climate of Racha-Lechkhumi is divided into two types: mountain-subtropical and subtropical with moderate humidity. In summer, the temperature here is within 22 degrees Celsius, and the average annual temperature does not exceed 9-11 with a plus sign. The amazing nature of Racha pleases the eye, especially noteworthy are the mountain ranges located near the border with the Sachkhere district. Built of limestone, they have intricate rocks and a large number of caves. This region is dominated by the presence of monasteries and temples, the most popular of which are the Barakoni Temple, the Nikortsminda Cathedral, built in the XI century, and the Gveso Monastery, located in Tsageri. In the Racha-Lechkhumi there are three micro zone: Khvanchkara, Tvishi, and Usakhelauri. Due to the moderate humidity, sufficient heat and precipitation, the region is ideal for growing grapes, providing the wine with a high sugar content. A variety of grape varieties, such as Orbeluri, Utsakhelouri, Tsolikouri, Mujuretuli and others, make it possible to produce both white and red semi-sweet and dry table wines, as well as sparkling ones. In general, Racha-Lechkhumi belongs to the region that produces high-quality wines in the west of Georgia. Many rare and expensive wines are made here. And to try real Khvanchkara, Tvishi, Tetras, Ojaleshi, visit Racha. In this connection, most of the Georgian wine tours pass through this region.